Are the current animal trypanosomiasis management methods in Kenya complementary or substitutes? Evidence from Kwale County

References

  • Abdulai A & Huffman W, 2014. The adoption and impact of soil and water conservation technology: An endogenous switching regression application. Land Economics 90(1): 26–43.
  • Adungo F, Mokaya T, Makwaga O & Mwau M, 2020. Tsetse distribution, trypanosome infection rates, and small-holder livestock producers’ capacity enhancement for sustainable tsetse and trypanosomiasis control in Busia, Kenya. Tropical Medicine and Health 48(1): 1–8.
  • Akhtar, S, Gu-Cheng L, Ullah R, Nazir A, Iqbal MA, Raza MH, Iqbal N & Faisal M, 2018. Factors influencing hybrid maize farmers’ risk attitudes and their perceptions in Punjab Province, Pakistan. Journal of Integrative Agriculture 16(6): 1454–62.
  • Amare M, Asfaw S & Shiferaw B, 2012. Welfare impacts of maize-pigeon pea intensification in Tanzania. Agricultural Economics 43(1): 27–43.
  • Asfaw S, Shiferaw B, Simtowe F & Hagos M, 2011. Agricultural technology adoption, seed access constraints and commercialization in Ethiopia. Journal of Development and Agricultural Economics 3(9): 436–77.
  • Bandiera O & Rasul I, 2006. Social networks and technology adoption in northern Mozambique. The Economic Journal 116(514): 869–902.
  • Belderbos R, Carree M, Diederen B, Lokshin B & Veugelers R, 2004. Heterogeneity in R&D cooperation strategies. International Journal of Industrial Organization 22(8): 1237–63.
  • Bett MK, Saini RK & Hassanali A, 2015. Repellency of tsetse-refractory waterbuck (Kobus defassa) body odour to Glossina pallidipes (Diptera: Glossinidae): Assessment of relative contribution of different classes and individual constituents. Acta Tropica 146: 17–24.
  • Cappellari L & Jenkins S, 2003. Multivariate probit regression using simulated maximum likelihood. The Stata Journal: Promoting Communications on Statistics and Stata 3(3): 278–94.
  • Cayla M, Rojas F, Silvester E, Venter F & Matthews KR, 2019. African trypanosomes. Parasites & Vectors 12(1): 1–8.
  • Clausen PH, Bauer B, Zessin KH, Diall O, Bocoum Z, Sidibe I & Randolph T, 2010. Preventing and containing trypanocide resistance in the cotton zone of West Africa. Transboundary and Emerging Diseases 57(1–2): 28–32.
  • Debertin DL, 2012. Agricultural production economics. Second edition. North Charleston SC: Createspace Independent Publishing.
  • De Groote H & Coulibaly N, 1998. Gender and generation: An intra-household analysis on access to resources in Southern Mali. African Crop Science Journal 6(1): 79–96.
  • Delgado C, Rosegrant M, Steinfeld H, Ehui S & Courbois C, 2001. Livestock in 2020: The next food revolution. Outlook on Agriculture 30(1): 27–9.
  • Dharani N, Yenesew A, Aynekulu E, Tuei B, Jamnadass R & Dawson I, 2015. Traditional ethnoveterinary medicine in East Africa: A manual on the use of medicinal plants. Nairobi, Kenya: The World Agroforestry Centre (ICRAF).
  • FAO, 2011. Mapping supply and demand for animal-source foods to 2030. Animal Production and Health Working Paper No. 2, FAO, Rome, Italy.
  • FAO, 2018. World livestock: Transforming the livestock sector through the Sustainable Development Goals. Rome: FAO.
  • Fitzpatrick J, 2013. Global food security: The impact of veterinary parasites and parasitologists. Veterinary Parasitology 195(3): 233–48.
  • Geerts S, Osaer S, Goossens B & Faye D, 2009. Trypanotolerance in small ruminants of sub-Saharan Africa. Trends in Parasitology 25(3): 132–8.
  • Greene WH, 2003. Econometric analysis. Washington DC: Pearson Education India.
  • Greene WH, 2008. Econometric analysis. Sixth edition. Englewood Cliffs NJ: Prentice Hall.
  • Headrick D, 2014. Sleeping sickness epidemics and colonial responses in east and central Africa, 1900–1940. PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases 8(4): e2772.
  • Herrero M, Grace D, Njuki J, Johnson N, Enahoro D, Silvestri S & Rufino MC, 2012. The roles of livestock in developing countries. Animal 7(1): 3–18.
  • Kassie M, Jaleta M, Shiferaw B, Mmbando F & Mekuria M, 2013. Adoption of interrelated sustainable agricultural practices in smallholder systems: Evidence from rural Tanzania. Technological Forecasting and Social Change 80(3): 525–40.
  • Kassie M, Teklewold H, Marenya P, Jaleta M & Erenstein O, 2015. Production risks and food security under alternative technology choices in Malawi: Application of a multinomial endogenous switching regression. Journal of Agricultural Economics 66(3): 640–59.
  • Kassie M, Zikhali P, Manjur K & Edwards S, 2009. Adoption of sustainable agriculture practices: Evidence from a semi-arid region of Ethiopia. Natural Resources Forum 33(3): 189–98.
  • Kaufmann D, Kraay A & Mastruzzi M, 2009. Governance matters VIII: Aggregate and individual governance indicators 1996–2008. Policy Research Working Papers No. 4978, World Bank, Washington DC.
  • KNBS and SID, 2013. Exploring Kenya’s inequality: Pulling apart or pooling together? National Report. Nairobi, Kenya: Kenya National Bureau of Statistics and Society for International Development.
  • KNBS, 2019. The 2019 Kenya population and housing census (Vol. 1). Nairobi, Kenya: Kenya National Bureau of Statistics.
  • Komarek A, De Pinto A & Smith V, 2020. A review of types of risks in agriculture: What we know and what we need to know. Agricultural Systems 178: 102738.
  • Liebenehm S, Bett B, Verdugo C & Said M, 2016. Optimal drug control under risk of drug resistance – The case of African animal trypanosomiasis. Journal of Agricultural Economics 67(2): 510–33.
  • Lipinska I, 2016. Managing the risk in agriculture production: The role of government. European Countryside 8(2): 86–97. https://doi.org/10.1515/euco-2016-0007
  • Marenya PP & Barrett CB, 2007. Household-level determinants of adoption of improved natural resources management practices among smallholder farmers in western Kenya. Food Policy 32(4): 515–36.
  • Markakis J, 2004. Pastoralism on the margin. London: Minority Rights Group International.
  • Matuschke I & Qaim M, 2008. Seed market privatization and farmers’ access to crop technologies: The case of hybrid pearl millet adoption in India. Journal of Agricultural Economics 59(3): 498–515.
  • McCord PF, Messina JP, Campbell DJ & Grady SC, 2012. Tsetse fly control in Kenya’s spatially and temporally dynamic control reservoirs: A cost analysis. Applied Geography 34: 189–204.
  • Meyer A, Holt H, Selby R & Guitian J, 2016. Past and ongoing tsetse and animal trypanosomiasis control operations in five African countries: A systematic review. PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases 10(12): e0005247.
  • Mignouna B, Manyong M, Rusike J, Mutabazi S & Senkondo M, 2011. Determinants of adopting Imazapyr-resistant maize technology and its impact on household income in western Kenya. AgBioforum 14(3): 158–63.
  • Mullahy J, 2017. Marginal effects in multivariate probit models. Empirical Economics 52(2): 447–61.
  • Muriuki G, Njoka T, Reid R & Nyariki D, 2005. Tsetse control and land-use change in Lambwe valley, south-western Kenya. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment 106(1): 99–107.
  • Njoka J, Yanda P, Maganga F, Liwenga E, Kateka A, Henku A, Mabhuye E, Malik N & Bavo C, 2016. Kenya: Country situation assessment. Pathways to Resilience in Semi-arid Economies (PRISE) Working Paper, Centre for Sustainable Dryland Ecosystems and Societies, Nairobi, Kenya.
  • Nyangena W, 2007. Social determinants of soil and water conservation in rural Kenya. Environment, Development and Sustainability 10(6): 745–67.
  • Nyangena W, 2011. The role of social capital in sustainable development: An analysis of soil conservation in rural Kenya. In Bluffstone RA & Köhlin G (eds.), Agricultural investments, livelihoods and sustainability in East African agriculture. Oxford: RFF Press.
  • Nyberg G, Knutsson P, Ostwald M, Öborn I, Wredle E, Otieno DJ, Mureithi S, Mwangi P, Said MY Jirstöm M, Grönvall A, Wernersson J … Malmer A, 2015. Enclosures in West Pokot, Kenya: Transforming land, livestock and livelihoods in drylands. Pastoralism: Research, Policy and Practice 5: Article 25.
  • Pender J & Gebremedhin B, 2007. Determinants of agricultural and land management practices and impacts on crop production and household income in the Highlands of Tigray, Ethiopia. Journal of African Economies 17(3): 395–450.
  • Saini RK, Orindi BO, Mbahin N, Andoke JA, Muasa PN, Mbuvi MD, Muya CM, Pickett JA & Borgemeister C, 2017. Protecting cows in small holder farms in East Africa from tsetse flies by mimicking the odor profile of a non-host bovid. PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases 11(10): e0005977.
  • Scoones I, 2014. The politics of trypanosomiasis control in Africa. The Social, Technological and Environmental Pathways to Sustainability (STEPS) Working Paper No. 57, STEPS Centre, Brighton UK.
  • Shimelis M, Mekonnen A & Abebe F, 2011. Study on the prevalence of major trypanosomes affecting bovine in tsetse infested Asosa District of Benishangul Gumuz Regional State, Western Ethiopia. Global Veterinaria 7(4): 330–6.
  • Smith J, Sones K, Grace D, Macmillan S, Tarawalliand S & Herrero M, 2013. Beyond milk, meat, and eggs: Role of livestock in food and nutrition security. Animal Frontiers 3(1): 6–13.
  • Specht E, 2008. Prevalence of bovine trypanosomiasis in central Mozambique from 2002 to 2005. Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research 75(1): 73–81.
  • Swallow BM, 2000. Impacts of trypanosomiasis on African agriculture. Rome: FAO.
  • Talakai E, Dayo GK, Akoda K, Dao B, Babi P, Alfa E & Kpabeba AD, 2014. Epidemiology of bovine trypanosomiasis in Savannah and Kara regions of Northern Togo. International Invention Journal of Agricultural and Soil Science 2(8): 126–31.
  • Tchamdja E, Kulo AE, Akoda K, Teko-Agbo A, Assoumy AM, Niang EM & Delespaux V, 2016. Drug quality analysis through high performance liquid chromatography of isometamidium chloride hydrochloride and diminazenediaceturate purchased from official and unofficial sources in Northern Togo. Preventive Veterinary Medicine 126: 151–8.
  • Tembo G, Tembo A, Goma F, Kapekele E & Sambo J, 2014. Livelihood activities and the role of livestock in smallholder farming communities of southern Zambia. Open Journal of Social Sciences 02(04): 299–307.
  • Tornimbene B, Chim V, Sorn S, Drew TW & Guitian J, 2014. Knowledge, attitudes and practices of Cambodian swine producers in relation to porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome (PRRS). Preventive Veterinary Medicine 116(3): 252–67.
  • Tsegaye B, Dagnachew S & Terefe G, 2015. Review on drug resistant animal trypanosomes in Africa and overseas. African Journal of Basic Applied Sciences 7(2): 73–83.
  • Valeeva NI, Van Asseldonk MA & Backus GB, 2011. Perceived risk and strategy efficacy as motivators of risk management strategy adoption to prevent animal diseases in pig farming. Preventive Veterinary Medicine 102(4): 284–95.
  • Waller BE, Hoy CW, Henderson JL, Stinner B & Welty C, 1998. Matching innovations with potential users, a case study of potato IPM practices. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment 70(2–3), 203–15.
  • Wamwenje SAO, Wangwe II, Masila N, Mirieri CK, Wambua L & Kulohoma BW, 2019. Community-led data collection using Open Data Kit for surveillance of animal African trypanosomiasis in Shimba hills, Kenya. BMC Research Notes 12(1): 151.
  • Weyori A, Amare M, Garming H & Waibel H, 2017. Agricultural innovation systems and farm technology adoption: Findings from a study of the Ghanaian plantain sector. The Journal of Agricultural Education and Extension 24(1): 65–87.
  • Wollni M, Lee DR & Thies JE, 2010. Conservation agriculture, organic marketing, and collective action in the Honduran hillsides. Agricultural Economics 41(3–4): 373–84.
  • World Bank, 2009. World development report: Agriculture for development. Washington DC: The World Bank.
  • World Initiative for Sustainable Pastoralism (WISP), 2010. Building climate change resilience for African livestock in sub-Saharan Africa – A program of the International Union for Conservation of Nature, Eastern and Southern Africa Regional Office. Nairobi: IUCN and WISP.